Chartism

Different types of Chartists

Moral Force Chartism led by William Lovett wanted to achieve reform through peaceful protest and presented petitions to Parliament.

Physical Force Chartism led by Feargus O'Connor felt that only a violent campaign would achieve the vote for all men. He gave speeches about how Chartists should be prepared to die for the cause. His speeches became more threatening as time went by.

The Six Points of the People's Charter

  • A vote for every man over 21 years of age
  • Secret ballot (instead of the system for voting in public)
  • MPs do not have to own property
  • MPs will be paid
  • Equal voting constituencies
  • An election every year for Parliament

All Chartists believed in the Six Points of the People's Charter and that every man over 21 in Britain should have the right to vote.

Chartists did disagree over other things such as the length of the working day, however. Chartists were also divided about the methods they should use to get the vote.