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Is cailín cliste í

To describe a person’s characteristics, we use the copula structure in Irish.

This means that we use the noun and then the adjective.

For example, a tall man is translated as fear ard.

Cén sórt duine tú / é / í? - What type of person are you / he / she?

I am a friendly person. Is duine cairdiúil mé.
He is a funny person. Is duine greannmhar é.
She is a clever girl.Is cailín cliste í.
Is duine greannmhar é
curriculum-key-fact
If including the name, add this at the end of the structure. For example, 'Sorcha is a quiet person' would be 'Is duine ciúin í Sorcha'.

To put these types of descriptions into the negative form, change ‘Is’ to ‘Ní’.

To put these types of descriptions into the question form, change ‘Is’ to ‘An’.

I am a friendly person. Is duine cairdiúil mé.
I am not a friendly person. Ní duine cairdiúil mé.
Am I a friendly person? An duine cairdiúil mé?
An duine cairdiúil mé?

The subjects used with the copula in Irish include:

I
you
éhe
íshe
muidwe
sibhyou (plural)
iadthey