Maps are representations of the world created by experts called cartographers to help other people navigate different places.

Maps contain information tailored to a specific purpose.

  • The maps found in a geographical atlas will contain information such as how the land is used, the population density and the political boundaries that exist between regions, states and nations.
  • Tourist maps help visitors to find their way about, for example theme parks, zoos and shopping centres.
  • Ordnance Survey (OS) maps are often used by hillwalkers and tourists – and you will have to navigate them in your National 5 Geography exam.

There are five things you need to be familiar with to read a map successfully: -

  • compass rose
  • grid lines
  • map key
  • title
  • scale
An illustrated pirate's treasure map showing a compass rose, grid lines, map scale, and map keyTreasure Island map