The Consequences of the War

8 million soldiers died. 9 million civilians died. 12 million tons of shipping sunk. 300,000 houses destroyed. 6,000 factories destroyed. 1,000 miles of railway destroyed. 112 coal mines destroyed.

In some ways, humankind has never recovered from the horrors of the First World War:

  • Eight million soldiers died and many more were damaged physically or mentally.
  • Nine million civilians died.
  • Twelve million tons of shipping was sunk.
  • On the Western Front, the war destroyed 300,000 houses, 6,000 factories, 1,000 miles of railway and 112 coal mines.
  • Remembrance Day began and poppies were used to symbolise those who had lost their lives fighting.

Germany had not technically surrendered and was outraged by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles – this helped to cause:

  • The Second World War. Some historians suggest that there were not two world wars, but only one, with a long ceasefire in between.
  • Hitler's rise to power.
  • The War helped make Britain more democratic. There was an attitude that Britain needed to be 'a home fit for heroes.' A Labour government was elected in 1924. All men and women over 21 were given the vote in 1928.

The 'Big Three' and the state of Europe following the end of the First World War