Listening practice - Higher

You are listening to a radio phone-in in which callers consult a doctor about their health problems. From the list below, choose the health issue which best describes each caller's problem and then write in English what advice they are given.

Here is some useful vocabulary.

aconsejarto advise
los consejosadvice
drogas (blandas/duras)(soft/hard) drugs
enganchado/ahooked
el fumadorsmoker
hacerse socio deto become a member of, to join
la pantallascreen
la recetaprescription, recipe
respiratorio/arespiratory
el tratamientotreatment

Choose from this list.

Aalcoholism
Bheart disease
Cbeing overweight
Dsleeplessness
Esmoking
Question

(a) What is José's problem?

(b) What two things does the doctor advise him to do?

(a)E. Words such as fumador (smoker), fumar (to smoke) and the phrase haciendo daño a mis pulmones (damaging my lungs) are all clues that suggest that José's problem is smoking.

(b)

  • Go to a chemist (where they will have a lot of helpful products like nicotine chewing gum). The doctor says ...si vas a una farmacia tendrán muchos productos que te ayudarán - como chicles de nicotina.
  • Look online (where there are a lot of websites which give advice to people who want to stop smoking). The doctor says ...si buscas en internet hay muchos sitios web que se dedican a dar consejos a personas como tú que quieren dejar de fumar.

Transcript:

- Ahora tenemos una llamada de José. ¿Cual es tu problema, José?

- Pues, soy fumador desde hace veinte años. Ya sé que estoy haciendo daño a mis pulmones y que en el futuro tendré problemas respiratorios si continúo fumando, pero a pesar de eso me resulta muy difícil dejar de fumar. ¿Que me aconsejas?

- Pues, si vas a una farmacia tendrán muchos productos que te ayudarán - como chicles de nicotina, por ejemplo. También, si buscas en internet hay muchos sitios web que se dedican a dar consejos a personas como tú que quieren dejar de fumar.

Translation:

- Now we have a call from José. What's your problem, José?

- Well, I've been a smoker for twenty years. I know that I'm damaging my lungs and that in the future, I'll have respiratory problems if I go on smoking, but in spite of that I find it very difficult to stop smoking. What do you advise me to do?

- Well, if you go to a chemist they will have a lot of products that will help you - like nicotine chewing gum, for example. Also, if you search online there are a lot of websites that are dedicated to giving advice to people like you who want to stop smoking.

Question

(a) What is Enrique's problem?

(b) What two things does the doctor advise him to do?

(a)D. There are plenty of expressions here that tell you that Enrique's problem is not sleeping: duermo mal (I sleep badly), tardo varias horas en dormirme (I take several hours to go to sleep), me despierto otra vez (I wake up again), etc.

(b)

  • Switch off all screens (apagar todas las pantallas).
  • Go to bed early (acuéstate temprano).

Transcript:

- Y nuestra última llamada viene de Enrique. Tu problema, ¿cuál es, Enrique?

- Bueno, es que duermo muy mal. Cuando me acuesto, tardo varias horas en dormirme, luego después de una o dos horas me despierto otra vez. La consecuencia es que siempre me siento muy cansado, no puedo concentrarme en el trabajo y, al volver a casa, lo único que puedo hacer es sentarme delante de la tele.

- Enrique, lo primero es que tienes que apagar todas las pantallas - sea la tele, el ordenador o el móvil - dos o tres horas antes de acostarte. En segundo lugar, acuéstate temprano.

Translation:

- And our last call comes from Enrique, What's your problem, Enrique?

- Well, it's that I sleep very badly. When I go to bed, I take several hours to go to sleep, then after an hour or two I wake up again. The result is I always feel very tired, I can't concentrate at work and when I get back home all I can do is sit down in front of the TV.

- Enrique, the first thing is that you have to switch all screens off - whether it's the TV, the computer or your mobile - two or three hours before you go to bed. Secondly, go to bed early.