Labour intensive

Labour intensive is when products are mainly produced by human workers. Machines and special tools may be used too, but overall it requires human creativity and effort to produce the product.

A busy kitchen - an example labour intensive production
A busy kitchen is one example of labour intensive production

AdvantagesDisadvantages
Customised products are easier to makeQuality of products can vary due to expertise of the worker and there is increased risk of human error
Less expensive machinery costsSkilled workers take time to train
Humans can use their own initiative and problem solveSkilled workers will be paid more than unskilled workers
Workers are often more motivatedWorkers require breaks and holidays which may lead to loss of production