Mary's marriages

Mary's decision to remarry was complicated as marriage to a Catholic would be of concern to Scottish Protestants, while marriage to a Protestant would upset Catholics.

Mary was aware that she must not offend Elizabeth if she wanted to be named as heir to the throne of England.

Siobhan Redmond describes the issues involved in Mary's choice of husband in the video below.

There were several options for possible husbands for Mary.

Don Carlos

Don Carlos wearing costume of the period
Don Carlos

The suggestion of Don Carlos of Spain was highly controversial on the basis that Spain was an enemy of England.

In 1563, an accident left Don Carlos both physically and mentally unfit and negotiations of a marriage contract were cancelled.

Lord Dudley

Portrait of Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester wearing costume of the period
Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester

Mary’s chance of being named as heir to the English throne would improve if she married an Englishman.

Elizabeth proposed Lord Robert Dudley whom she believed could be entrusted to advance English interests in Scotland.

However, neither Mary nor Dudley (who was involved in an affair with Elizabeth) desired the match.

Lord Darnley

Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stewart (Lord Darnley) wearing costume of the period
Mary Queen of Scots and Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley

Henry Stewart, (Lord Darnley) was proposed as suitor. Born in England into the Catholic Lennox family and grandson of Margaret Tudor and son of the Earl of Lennox.

Mary may have thought that Darnley would help her secure the English succession and perhaps even help her restore Catholicism to Scotland.

Elizabeth did not approve, she may have feared that in the future he would become Catholic King Henry IX.

Elizabeth disliked the Lennox family and still suggested the idea of a marriage between Dudley and Mary. Elizabeth declared that she would not announce the succession until she herself married, or until she decided against marriage.