Adjective agreements

An explanation of how to use adjectives and agreement in Spanish

In Spanish, adjectives must agree with the nouns they are describing, which means that they have to show if they are masculine or feminine and singular or plural to match the noun.

Making adjectives agree

When you look up an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the masculine singular form, eg blanco. Adjectives in Spanish usually follow the patterns in this table to agree with the noun they are describing.

Adjectives ending in:Masculine singularFeminine singularMasculine pluralFeminine plural
a consonantazulazulazulesazules

Adjectives of nationality that end in -o, eg chino, argentino follow the same patterns as in the table above. Some adjectives of nationality end in a consonant, eg galés, español and alemán and they follow a slightly different pattern:

Ending in -sgalésgalesagalesesgalesas
Ending in -lespañolespañolaespañolesespañolas
Ending in -nalemánalemanaalemanesalemanas
Some adjectives don't change at all eg rosa, naranja, cada.

Complete the sentences with the correct adjective endings.

  1. Alejandro tiene los ojos azul__ y el pelo cort__.
  2. Mi hermana es muy alt__ y delgad__.
  3. Mis amigos español__ son generos__ y acogedor___.
  4. Vivo en una ciudad grand__ y ruidos___.
  1. Alejandro tiene los ojos azules y el pelo corto (Alejandro has blue eyes and short hair). The adjective azules agrees with the masculine plural noun ojos and corto agrees with the masculine singular noun pelo.
  2. Mi hermana es muy alta y delgada (My sister is very tall and slim). The adjectives alta and delgada both agree with the feminine singular noun hermana.
  3. Mis amigos españoles son generosos y acogedores (My Spanish friends are generous and welcoming). The adjectives españoles, generosos and acogedores all agree with the masculine plural noun amigos.
  4. Vivo en una ciudad grande y ruidosa (I live in a big and noisy city). The adjectives grande and ruidosa both agree with the feminine singular noun ciudad.