Economic activities

Many glaciated areas are upland spaces. They are home to many different types of activities. Some of these activities are economic and make money or bring money into the area. These include:

  • Farming - glaciated areas are used for pastoral farming. The upper slopes of the Lake District are ideal for sheep farming. The lower slopes of glaciated areas are suitable for dairy and beef farming.
  • Water management - the water in mountainous areas can be collected and stored in a dam. The steep slopes of the mountains and narrow valleys provide a suitable environment for damming water. This water can be used to generate hydroelectric power (HEP). Dams may also be used to store drinking water which can then be transferred to urban areas.
  • Forestry - glaciated areas are often covered in woodland and coniferous forest. These forests may be logged to provide materials. Forestry provides a lot of employment and contributes significantly to the economy.
  • Quarrying - glaciated areas provide a valuable source of rock and minerals. Glaciated landscapes provide easy access for quarrying, and so many quarries are located in these areas.
  • Tourism - this is a major source of income in Wales, Scotland and the Lake District. People visit these places to enjoy the beautiful landscape created by glaciation. This environment is popular with tourists because it provides opportunities for walking, cycling, sailing and kayaking.
The hydroelectric power station at Pitlochry, Scotland

The hydroelectric power station at Pitlochry, Scotland