Globalisation refers to physical and human processes that extend across the world. People have travelled, traded and shared ideas for thousands of years but these connections have become much quicker and more widespread in recent years.

The impact of globalisaion can be seen in the following ways:

  • communication between people in different parts of the world can be instant
  • improved transport and communication links have increased trade, the sharing of ideas and the spread of cultures

The video below gives an insight into the farming and marketing of cocoa in the Ivory Coast.

Factors which encourage globalisation

Transport developments:

  • container ships make transporting bulky goods quick and easy
  • air transport means people and goods move quickly from one place to another - in recent years the cost of air travel has reduced

ICT developments:

  • the internet allows people and businesses to communicate instantly
  • satellite communications allow a global view and communication links even in very remote areas - they enable TV and telephone communications
  • smart phones enable people to communicate and to access the internet wherever they are
  • social networking connects people all over the world