Unfortunately, despite increasing understanding of coastal management techniques, the threats of extreme weather and sea level rise, combined with increases in population, especially at the coast, means that more and more people will become vulnerable in the future.
Due to global warming and the evidence presented, sea levels are set to rise by between 30 cm and 2 metres by 2100. While no one can say exactly what will happen, it is widely accepted that coastal communities are set to face major challenges in the future. Planning for these future scenarios is vital to enable people to reduce the risks and continue to enjoy living in and visiting coastal areas.
Planning involves several strategies including:
As sea levels rise, so too will coastal erosion. In southern counties of England, where the majority of people live, the threats are greatest. This is because much of the land is low lying, but also because a warmer climate also brings more extreme weather and storms.