Migration can take place over short or long distances and it can be a one-way movement or temporary.
Some people choose to migrate (voluntary) or others may be forced to move (forced).
A refugee is someone who has left their home and does not have a new home to go to. Often refugees do not carry many possessions and have no idea of where they may finally settle.
Push Factors are negative things that make people want to move to a new area e.g war
Pull Factors are positive aspects that attract people to move to a place e.g good employment opportunites
Migration usually happens as a result of a combination of these push and pull factors.
|Push factors||Pull factors|
|Lack of services||Better services|
|Low employment||Higher employment|
|Lack of safety||Safe society|
|High crime||Less crime|
|Crop failure||Fertile land|
|Drought||Lower risk of natural hazards|