Investigate the reflection of light by different types of surface and the refraction of light by different substances
Aim of the experiment
To investigate the reflection of light by different types of surface, and the refraction of light by different substances.
Set up a ray box, slit and lens so that a narrow ray of light is produced.
Place a 30 centimetre (cm) ruler near the middle of a piece of plain A3 paper. Draw a straight line parallel to its longer sides. Use a protractor to draw a second line at right angles to this line. Label this line with an 'N' for 'normal'.
Place the longest side of a rectangular acrylic polymer block against the first line. With the normal near the middle of the block, carefully draw around the block without moving it.
Use the ray box to shine a ray of light at the point where the normal meets the block. This is the incident ray.
The angle between the normal and the incident ray is called the angle of incidence. Move the ray box or paper to change the angle of incidence. The aim is to see a clear ray reflected from the surface of the block and another clear ray leaving the opposite face of the block.