A force-extension graph can be used to calculate the work done in joules when stretching a spring.
Force should be plotted on the vertical (y) axis
Extension should be plotted on the horizontal (x) axis
As long as the limit of proportionality is not exceeded this should produce a straight line graph that passes through the origin as shown below.
In a force-extension graph:
Using the graph, calculate the work done to extend the spring from 0 m to 0.10 m.
The area under the line is a triangle:
Areas = × base × height
= × 0.10 × 5 = 0.25 J