William Wallace survived the battle but afterwards resigned as Guardian.
Robert the Bruce and John Comyn became the new joint Guardians of Scotland and continued the resistance against Edward I.
The Guardians governed most of Scotland in the name of King John. Between 1300 and 1303, due to the war with France, Edward campaigned in Scotland only briefly and only succeeded in controlling the south east of Scotland.
In 1303 however, Edward returned with a powerful army and recaptured Stirling Castle.
By the summer of 1304 most of the Scottish nobles had surrendered to Edward I (Bruce continued to play a part in the Scottish resistance until 1302, while Comyn continued to resist until his surrender in 1304).
Wallace also continued to play a part in the Scottish resistance. Wallace travelled to Europe in 1299 to drum up support for the Scots against Edward I.
On his return to Scotland, Wallace rejoined the resistance in 1303 and was involved in further guerrilla activity in Annandale, Liddesdale and Cumberland.