Wallace’s victory at Stirling

Wallace and Moray saw themselves as 'Commanders of the Army of Scotland' and decided to attack the English army at Stirling.

Preparations for the Battle of Stirling Bridge

  • On 11 September 1297, the Scottish army faced a strong English army on the outskirts of Stirling.
  • Wallace and Moray took up position on Abbey Craig hill.
  • The English army was led by the Earl of Surrey and Hugh de Cressingham.
  • Both men thought Wallace or Moray would lose.
  • De Cressingham was hugely unpopular amongst the Scots.

The course of the Battle

Map showing the position of the English and Scottish armies at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.Map showing the position of the English and Scottish armies at the Battle of Stirling Bridge
  • The Earl of Surrey decided to use Stirling Bridge to get across the river.
  • However, the Bridge was extremely narrow and would only allow a small number of the English to cross at once.
  • Wallace and Moray allowed almost half of the English soldiers to cross before telling the Scots to attack.
  • The English were trapped between the Scots army and the river.
  • The Scots used spearmen to separate the English cavalry from the rest of their army on the other side of the river.
  • Huge numbers of English were killed and many drowned.
  • Hugh de Cressingham himself was killed and was supposedly cut to pieces by the Scots.
  • The English fled and the Scots had won.
Map showing the movement of the English and Scottish armies during the Battle of Stirling Bridge.