Adverbs give extra detail about other words. They can add detail to a verb, to an adjective or even to a whole sentence. Like adjectives, they can be single words or phrases. An adverb describes how, when or where something happens (and they often end in ‘–ly’):
Prepositions are short words and phrases that give information about place, time and manner, eg:
on, under, near, below, by, at, in
A preposition can also be used at the start and end of a sentence, eg:
You can join sentences, clauses and phrases together using connectives, or joining words. Some common connectives include ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘so’ and ‘then’. Using these can make your writing flow.
Be adventurous with connectives and aim to use some of the following:
In a sentence, the verb describes the main action or state of the subject. Different types of verbs have different functions:
Verbs also show the time frame of the action (past, present, future):
In most sentences, the verb comes after its subject. The subject is usually a noun (a person, place or thing), for example:
A sentence is built up from words. Sometimes words are grouped together in phrases.
A phrase acts as a single unit of meaning – for example ‘their pet Siamese cat’, ‘the fast-paced Hollywood film’.
A phrase can be replaced by a single word, eg the phrase ‘pet Siamese cat’ would be replaced by the single word ‘cat’ and still have the same basic meaning. We use phrases to add more detail to our writing.