Flowers are important in the sexual reproduction of plants. They produce male sex cells (pollen grains) and female sex cells (contained in the ovules). These must meet for reproduction to begin - a process called pollination.
|Sepal||Protects the unopened flower|
|Petal||May be brightly coloured to attract insects|
|Stamen||The male part of the flower, comprising an anther attached to a filament|
|Anther||Produces the male sex cells (pollen)|
|Stigma||The top of the female part of the flower, which collects pollen grains|
|Ovary||Produces the female sex cells (contained in the ovules)|
The female parts of the flower together are called the carpel.