There are two types of reproduction - sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction.
Two parents are needed in sexual reproduction, and the offspring produced are genetically different to the parents.
Only one parent is needed in asexual reproduction, and the offspring produced are genetically identical, eg reproduction in bacteria, production of spores by fungi, and the formation of tubers in potatoes and bulbs in daffodils.
These are some of the advantages of sexual reproduction:
These are some of the disadvantages of sexual reproduction:
The advantages of asexual reproduction include:
The disadvantages include: