Cellular respiration refers to the breakdown of glucose and other respiratory substrates to make energy carrying molecules called ATP.
What is the name of the high-energy molecule used by cells?
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Glycolysis occurs in which part of the cell?
Inner membrane of the mitochondria
Matrix of mitochondria
During glycolysis, glucose is split into two molecules of what?
Acetyl coenzyme A
If oxygen is not present, pyruvate molecules undergo what?
The diagram shows the citric acid cycle. What is the name of compound X?
The diagram shows the citric acid cycle. What is the name of compound Y?
Where exactly does the citric acid cycle take place within the cell?
Matrix of the mitochondria
Where exactly in the cell does the electron transport chain occur?
In the final stage of the electron transport chain what do hydrogen ions and electrons combine with to form water?
What are the products of fermentation in plant cells and yeast?
Carbon dioxide, lactate and ATP
Oxygen, ethanol and ATP
Carbon dioxide, ethanol and ATP