What are conjunctions and connectives?

Conjunctives and connectives are linking words which are used all the time in language to join phrases and sentences together.

They are generally used at the beginning of or in the middle of a sentence. They can be little words which explain why something happens:

FrenchEnglish
carbecause
parce que/parce qu’because
donctherefore
puisquesince
commeas/since

Examples:

  • je n’aime pas les bonbons parce qu’ils sont mauvais pour la santé - I don’t like sweets because they are bad for your health
  • il ne peut pas venir puisqu’il est en vacances - he can’t come as/since he is on holiday

Or they can be words used to explain when something happens:

FrenchEnglish
lorsque/quandwhen
ensuite/puisthen
après queafter
aussitôt que/dès queas soon as
tandis que/pendant quewhile/whilst
alors quewhereas

Examples:

  • elle est arrivée dès qu’il est parti - she arrived as soon as he left
  • il est revenu, puis elle est partie ! - he came back then she left!