Developed countries such as the UK, USA, Japan and those in Western Europe have gained most from globalisation. This is because these countries have strong economies, firm trade links and their people enjoy a high standard of living. In recent years, Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC's) have benefited from globalisation as they have become more developed.
Referred to as the 'CIVETS' - Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa, the emerging markets in these countries are anticipated to be the place for continued economic growth.
They are spread widely around the world but they share a number of similarities including young populations, relatively refined financial systems and they are not reliant on any one sector of industry.
Many developing countries that have missed out on globalisation include those in Africa, which are among the least developed countries in the world and are often politically unstable. North Korea in Asia has also lost out on globalisation because the government is very strict and controlling.
There are a number of reasons why inequalities in trade exist.