Population distribution

The way in which people are spread across a given area is known as population distribution. Geographers study population distribution patterns at different scales: local, regional, national, and global.

A busy junction in Cairo
A busy junction in Cairo

Patterns of population distribution tend to be uneven. For example, in the UK there are more people living in south-east England than in Wales.

Population density

Population density is the average number of people per square kilometre. It is a way of measuring population distribution and shows whether an area is sparsely or densely populated. Population density is calculated using the following formula:

Population density = total population ÷ total land area in km²