In the late 18th century abolitionists led by William Wilberforce campaigned to end the slavery. There was opposition to their movement from those who wanted the slave trade to continue.
Who was William Wilberforce?
The Captain of the slave ship 'Zong'
An MP committed to the abolition of slavery
An MP committed to maintaining the slave trade
Why did the abolitionists try to end the slave trade rather than all slavery?
Mainly they just wanted to end the horrors of the 'Middle Passage'
The abolitionists owned plantations of their own and didn’t want to lose what they had
If slave owners demanded compensation for their lost slaves, abolition would be too expensive for the government to consider
When did William Wilberforce present a Bill to Parliament which was then defeated by 163 votes to 88?
How did the British public show their disapproval of the slave trade in the early 1790s?
300,000 people stopped buying slave-grown sugar
300,000 people marched on Liverpool in protest
300,000 people wrote letters to the Prime Minister asking for it to be banned
What did John Newton do for the abolitionists?
He was a former slave ship captain who turned to religion. He spoke against the slave trade at public meetings
He was an MP who supported the abolitionist cause in Parliament
He gathered evidence for the abolitionists against the evils of the slave trade
Who was Granville Sharp?
He was an abolitionist lawyer
He was an abolitionist clergyman
He was a former slave who spoke out against the slave trade
How did Josiah Wedgewood help the abolitionists?
He imported sugar made in India by non-slave workers
He designed a medallion for abolitionists to wear
He freed slaves from his family's plantations in Barbados
What work did Thomas Clarkson do for the abolitionists?
He was a writer who published journals and poems protesting against the slave trade
How did the French Revolution affect the abolition of the slave trade?
The French controlled the seas and blocked the Middle Passage
It sped up the process of abolition as the French issued a decree freeing all of their slaves
It delayed it as Britain soon went to war with France and needed all of its resources
When did Parliament finally ban the slave trade?