Based upon different interpretations of the Bible and their own moral views, Christians of the 18th century were divided on their opinions of slavery.
There is a passage in the Bible which describes Abraham keeping slaves. Many Christians saw this as meaning that slavery was morally acceptable.
A Methodist preacher George Whitfield said,
As for the lawfulness of keeping slaves, I have no doubt, since I hear of some that were bought with Abraham's money, and some that were born in his house. George Whitfield himself owned slaves and campaigned for slavery to be reinstated in the American state of Georgia after it was abolished there in 1751.
Many also argued at this time that one of the advantages of slavery was that slaves received Christianity and the benefits of civilization.
Christian emancipators (people who wanted slaves to be set free) feared the anger of God over the sin of slavery. They saw slavery as unjust and evil and campaigned to have it abolished.
Christian groups opposed to slavery found various ways of showing their opposition:
the sum of all villainiesand detailed its abuses in a pamphlet published in 1774.