Possessive adjectives - mon, ma, mes

Possessive adjectives tell us who something or someone belongs to

Possessive adjectives show who something or someone belongs to. They come before the noun and agree with that noun, not the subject of the sentence.

EnglishMasculineFeminineBefore vowel or -hPlural
mymon (sac)ma (copine)mon (amie)mes (amis)
your (singular, familiar)tontatontes
his, her, itssonsasonses
ournotrenotrenotrenos
your (plural, formal)votrevotrevotrevos
theirleurleurleurleurs

So the following would have to agree with the noun when they become possessive adjectives:

  • un sac (masculine singular) → elle adore son sac - she loves his/her bag
  • un sac (masculine singular) → elle adore mon sac - she loves my bag
  • des amis (plural) → ce sont nos amis - they're our friends
  • des amis (plural) → ce sont mes amis - they’re my friends
  • une veste (feminine singular) → j'aime bien ta veste ! - I really like your jacket!
  • une veste (feminine singular) → j'aime bien sa veste ! - I really like her/his jacket!