A shape’s volume is a measure of its total 3-dimensional space. You can use the following simple formulas to help you calculate the volume of shapes like cuboids and prisms.

Part of

We've learned that the volume of a cuboid is its length multiplied by its width multiplied by its height (\(l \times w \times h\)).

The area of the green shaded end of the cuboid (the cross section) is \(w \times h\), so you can also say that the volume of a cuboid is: \(Volume = area~of~cross~section \times length\)

This formula works for all prisms:

- \[\text{volume~of~a~cylinder}=\text{area~of~circle}\times\text{length}\]
- \[\text{volume~of~triangular~prism}=\text{area~of~triangle}\times\text{length}\]
- \[\text{volume~of~L-shaped~prism}=\text{area~of~L-shape}\times\text{length}\]

- Question
**a) What is the volume of this triangular prism?****b) What is the volume of this prism?**a) \(volume = area~of~triangle \times length\)

\[=(\frac{1}{2}\times{2~cm}\times{5~cm})\times{4~cm}\]

\[= \text{20 cm}^3\]

b) The area of the cross section is \(\text{5 cm}^2\) and the length is \(\text{8 cm}\), so the volume is \({5~cm}^{2}\times{8~cm}={40~cm}^{3}\).

Remember that the volume is:

\[the~area~of~the~cross~section\times the~length\]