In Costa Rica, the rainforests are being conserved through National Park designation. Small-scale tourism is a sustainable use, but this brings in little revenue. In Talamanca, sustainable farming techniques have proved profitable. Previously destroyed forest has been allowed to regenerate with commercial crops planted amongst the trees. The farm is thriving, with organic bananas and cocoa sold commercially. Occasionally trees are felled and buffalos are used to transport the timber without the need for roads.

This clip is from:
World Physical
First broadcast:
21 February 2008

Students could compare the sustainable practice shown in the clip with sustainable farming practices in the UK or elsewhere in the developed world. One point to consider is diversification, so students could compare case studies where tourism and conservation add to farmers' income. National Parks in the developed and the developing world could also be considered. Compile a list of pros and cons of the sustainable development shown and compare it with intensive monoculture. What are a short and long term, local, national and global impacts?