Australia had a higher male population than female. To redress this imbalance, the Colonial Office encouraged single Scottish women of good character to emigrate.
Australia’s gold rush, sheep and cattle farming became very profitable for many emigrants, and wool and meat became major exports for the country. As farms expanded, the indigenous people were driven from their land. Some were killed, while many others died from exposure to new diseases for which they had no resistance.
Students could compare the experience of Highlanders removed from their land in the Clearances with that of native Australians Aboriginals forced from their lands. Look into the experience of Scots women encouraged to move to Australia, including local case studies. What types of women made the move and what were their motivations?