The Roman army was organised with specific tactics in place for different battle situations. When the Caledonians charged, the Romans used their shields to form a solid wall to resist them. When attacked with spears, the Romans held their shields around them and over their heads to form an armoured 'tortoise'. While few Caledonians had armour, all the Roman soldiers had overlapping metal armour and they were armed with more swords and spears.
Using a map (or interactive map), pupils can find out where the battle took place and using their map skills show the area that was used. Pupils can develop their own battle strategy and design the armour that would protect them whilst in battle.