Surgery has existed for thousands of years but was often avoided due to high patient mortality. In emergencies, there were procedures to amputate a limb or relieve pressure from the skull, but more commonly doctors bled patients to balance the four humours or offered dietary advice. However, by 1840, medical thinking had changed and surgery became the best cure for disease.
This clip can be used to inspire students to make a set of matching pairs cards. On one card students can write or draw a surgical technique and on another they write the historical era in which it was used. Once they have created a full set, students can have a game of matching pairs or snap.