Kalimantan on the Indonesian island of Borneo is home to some of the oldest tropical rainforest in the world. Over time, large parts of this rainforest have been destroyed to make room for farming. However, this deforestation has led to soil erosion, which means the crops have failed. The forests will take decades to recover. In Costa Rica, the rainforests are being conserved by the creation of National Parks. The local population rely on the forests for much needed tourism.
With the help of a star diagram, describe the impact of the rainforest clearance on: the wildlife in the forest, the local communities, the atmosphere and the timber barons. The clip mentions scientists estimate we know more about the surface of the moon than we do about rainforests (00:29)- in response, students could design a leaflet or write a letter which explains why knowing about life in the rainforest is valuable.