After the Romans left Britannia, the Picts united under one Pictish king. Around this time, they started making elaborate carvings on stones, but nobody is entirely sure what these were for. Some think they may have been used to mark boundaries between different Pictish tribes, whilst others maintain they were for commemorating great occasions. Different symbols and animals were carved onto the stones, including salmons and the famous 'Pictish Beastie'.

The children could model in clay some of the Pictish designs and symbols they see in the clip. Encourage pupils to use the freeze-frame option to isolate good examples. Ask: “How do Pictish designs compare to the stone carving of other peoples?” Pupils could search online for examples of Pictish carving and compare them to Celtic and Anglo Saxon designs, as well as the stone carvings of the Romans. What are the similarities? The differences? The children could locate the Pictish kingdom on a map of Britain and place the period of the ascendancy of the Pictish kings on a timeline, showing the Roman occupation at one end and our own time at the other.