Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. Although the country benefits from some debt relief, interest payments consume two-thirds of Tanzania's export earnings. Although the country previously had good health and education systems, over-borrowing and economic mismanagement have led the country to fall into serious debt. The 1998-2000 war between Ethiopia and Eritrea led to the loss of thousands of lives, destruction of infrastructure and the threat to life from land mines. Famine is a constant threat in the Horn of Africa leading to developed countries providing food aid in times of crisis.

This clip is from:
Bitesize: Modern Studies
First broadcast:
26 October 2007

This clip could be used as an introduction to the international issue of aid. Following the clip, and as a stimulus for group discussion, students could be presented with the Chinese proverb "Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime." Ask students to discuss the meaning of the quote and how this may relate to some people's views on providing aid to African countries. They could also be encouraged to form and express their own opinion of this quote and giving aid to developing countries.
Recent examples of provision of aid to African countries, particularly in relation to drought, famine and conflict, could be looked at as case studies, examining where aid comes from, what form it takes and what impact it has had.