A study of Blaenavon, by now designated as a World Heritage site, at the head of the south Wales valleys, featuring footage of the Big Pit mining museum and the ruins of the Blaenavon Ironworks. The importance of the coal industry to the development of the settlement as a community is discussed in a variety of ways.
Students could investigate the main factors which led to the location of iron and steel making and compare the locational factors of the early facilities with those of the 20th century sites. They could define primary and secondary industries and map the development of those in Wales during the Industrial Revolution. They could compare the role of traditional heavy industries to those of modern, lighter, footloose industries and the tertiary sector. Using census data, students could track population growth and subsequent changes in relation to industrial development. Having considered the social, economic and environmental impacts of industrial change across Wales and other parts of the UK, learners could then discuss the role of industrial inertia and investigate the development of heritage tourism.