The central role of the River Clyde in the development of Glasgow is explored. The city originated at an important crossing point in the river, and developed into a major port. Having direct access to the sea, and therefore to America and other countries, was a major advantage. Glasgow was famous for shipbuilding and exporting engineered goods, such as locomotives. There is a map showing the exact location of Glasgow in the west of the Central Lowlands.
Having located Glasgow on a UK map, pupils can identify the main river running through the city. Questions could be asked such as: "Where does the River Clyde lead? Why might this influence the growth of Glasgow as a city?" Pausing the video at 2 minutes 49 seconds, ask pupils to plot and describe the journey taken by a ship from either Glasgow to New York or Glasgow to Rome, Italy. Key geographical vocabulary such as ocean names, compass directions, lines of latitude and longitude should be included in the description. Alternatively, pupils could adopt the role of a ship's captain, writing a diary entry to describe the journey taken 100 years ago when locomotives were being exported. Children should be challenged to include the key facts about Glasgow and convey the excitement of working in an expanding city and industry.