The Vikings were skilled sailors and shipbuilders, who sailed to many parts of the world. A map shows the route they took from Scandinavia to Russia and Scotland. Scotland was a journey of one or two days from Norway, often in rough and stormy seas.
Pupils may discuss what it means to invade somewhere and why the Vikings chose to invade Scotland. They could write diaries for a Viking rowing across the sea and use their senses to decide what the conditions may have been like. They could make their own Viking boat models and decorate the shields, which in turn could prompt discussion about Viking weaponry. Looking at the map, pupils may wish to consider why the Vikings landed where they did around Scotland.