The Romans left Caledonia and moved further south in Britannia to deal with attacks from the Scots tribe from Ireland and the Anglo-Saxons from northern Europe. Soldiers were also needed to deal with conflicts in other parts of the Roman Empire. The Romans faced ongoing difficulties from increasingly organised Caledonian tribes. The Romans left behind a wealthier land with increased cooperation between the tribes living there.

First broadcast:
14 November 2008

Pupils could place upon a timeline the important events leading to the Romans leaving. They could investigate the Scots and Saxons and why they wanted to attack Britain. A discussion about why a group of people might invade another country could take place. The legacy of the Romans could be considered - what innovations and technology did they leave behind and is it still influencing life today?