The central role of the River Clyde in the development of Glasgow is explored. The city originated at an important crossing point in the river, and developed into a major port. Having direct access to the sea, and therefore to America and other countries, was a major advantage. Glasgow was famous for shipbuilding and exporting engineered goods, such as locomotives. There is a map showing the exact location of Glasgow in the west of the Central Lowlands.
This clip could be used to introduce the concept of ports. What is a port? Where are they found? Teachers could show important ports on a map, illustrating that they are next to the sea. Show the clip up to the part where the River Clyde is shown on the map (2 minutes 40 seconds). Is Glasgow a port? How is it different to the other ports they have looked at? (It isn't located next to the sea). Ask the children to work out how boats travelled from Glasgow to the sea? Identify the importance of rivers for transporting goods to and from places. Discuss the fact that Glasgow exported locomotives. Why did they choose to transport them by boat? Give the children a list of goods such as coal, computers, and steel, and ask them to decide the best mode of transportation - boat or aeroplane?