While sheep farming had pushed some Scots from their land, it offered them the best prospects in Australia and New Zealand. It was therefore in Britain's interests to establish communities in these countries. Otago province in New Zealand was specifically promoted as a Scots Presbyterian colony to attract emigrants.

First broadcast:
4 March 2004

The clip can lead into general study of expansion and development in Australia. It can also contribute to study of the Highland Potato Famine. Compare the Highland famine with that suffered in Ireland. Look into the economic factors that encouraged the government to promote migration to other countries of the Empire. Consider the change in attitude towards Australia, once a prison colony, now a major agricultural resource.