The Scots signed an alliance with the French to protect themselves from Edward I. Edward I punished Scotland by invading and defeating the Scots at Berwick and Dunbar. Edward I stripped King John, known as the Toom Tabard, of his kingship. He then went on to humiliate Scotland by forcing the submission of 1,900 nobles. In 1291 they were forced to sign the Ragman Rolls.
Point out that winning military campaigns was an essential part of a medieval king's reputation. Students could compile a database of key facts about medieval monarchs, including length of reign, age at accession and death, cause of death and outcome of battles. Using the database, assess how successful Edward I was in comparison to other English kings in the period 1100-1415.