The Scots signed an alliance with the French to protect themselves from Edward I. Edward I punished Scotland by invading and defeating the Scots at Berwick and Dunbar. Edward I stripped King John, known as the Toom Tabard, of his kingship. He then went on to humiliate Scotland by forcing the submission of 1,900 nobles. In 1291 they were forced to sign the Ragman Rolls.
Students could role-play arguments between Edward I, invading, and King John, or a Scottish noble, with both sides trying to explain themselves. Use when examining the Wars of Independence, Edward I's invasion of Scotland, the Battle of Dunbar and the end of King John's reign.