The Scots signed an alliance with the French to protect themselves from Edward I. Edward I punished Scotland by invading and defeating the Scots at Berwick and Dunbar. Edward I stripped King John, known as the Toom Tabard, of his kingship. He then went on to humiliate Scotland by forcing the submission of 1,900 nobles. In 1291 they were forced to sign the Ragman Rolls.

First broadcast:
16 November 2008

Place the clip in the context of John Balliol’s rule and its relationship with Edward’s overlordship. The class could discuss the motivation for Scotland and France to ally themselves against England.
Students may find it useful to look at this period from Edward’s point of view as well as from a Scottish perspective.