During this week-long revolt, the red flag was raised for the first time in British history and eventually led to the hanging of Dic Penderyn in Cardiff for supposedly injuring a soldier.

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First broadcast:
24 March 2010

Students could either study the history of Merthyr Tydfil, Victorian Wales, industrial uprisings or the iron industry. Learners could discuss what the significance was of a red flag being raised. During this revolt, a famous Welsh martyr was created. Learners could look at the history of Dic Penderyn and create a fitting memorial documenting his life.