In the mid-16th century, Scotland was a Catholic country and the Church had enormous power and wealth. Protestants objected to the methods and teachings of the Church and believed that it should be reformed. This led to division in Scotland, with the Protestants looking to England for support and the Catholics allying themselves with France.

First broadcast:
25 January 2002

This clip could be used as a brief summary of the Reformation across Europe. Pupils could draw a simple church in the centre of the page and add labelled arrows from the left inwards, to show what Protestants wanted in their new church and arrows from the right outwards, to show what they wanted to change or remove.