Stefan heads into the woods of Sussex and meets woodsman Martin Charlton. He explains how different woods release different amounts of energy depending on the density and moisture content. Stefan uses algebra to express the relationship between the amount of wood and amount of energy that can be released, Y=mX. At a chipping plant Julian Morgan Jones shows Stefan how they measure and calculate the moisture content using a domestic microwave oven and scales. We follow the story from felling a tree to burning wood chip in a boiler and learn that energy is used at each stage in the process. It takes energy to transport it by truck and therefore wood chip is only suitable as a local fuel. Stefan then meets students from Ringmer Community College, who have a wood fuel, or biomass, boiler that heats the school. They show Stefan how they can compare the amount of energy produced by different types of fuel- wood chips, oil and gas.

This clip is from:
Key Stage 3
First broadcast:
27 March 2012

Would fit as part of a series of lessons on straight-line graphs or direct proportion. The amount of moisture in wood determines how suitable it as a fuel, and the presenter explores how wood is dried and turned into biomass, showing the linear relationship between energy and mass. The impact of carbon emissions are also discussed.