Dumfries and Galloway in the west of Scotland receives much more rainfall than the Scottish Borders in the east. Weather conditions in Scotland are mostly brought by winds blowing in from the Atlantic to the west. These winds carry water vapour. When the winds blow over mountains, the vapour turns to rain. As the air moves east, there is less vapour and hence less rainfall. The Scottish Borders is mostly gently rolling farmland, home to sheep and arable farming. Crops are grown for sale and for feeding animals. In Dumfries and Galloway, fields are more uniformly used to grow grass on which dairy cows graze.
Students could imagine they are a farmer and they are going to begin their career in Scotland. What kind of farmer do they want to be? A dairy farmer? An arable farmer? Students could look carefully at maps and atlases, and decide the location of their farm based on knowledge from the clip and subsequent research. They could justify their reasoning with geographical terminology.