After the first day of the Hajj, pilgrims stay overnight at the valley of Mina. In the morning they travel to the plain of Arafat, where the Prophet Muhammad gave his farewell speech. Here, pilgrims need to make their stand before Allah on the Mount of Mercy between noon and dusk. At night fall they travel to Muzdalifah where they spend the night.
Students could consider what it would feel like if all the bad things they had ever done were taken away. They could write down what they might do next - what kind of resolutions they might make. Muslims pray for others when they are at Arafat because they believe that their prayers are more effective there - they are submitting to Allah and are especially close to him. Students could write down their three prayers or wishes for other people and explain why they would want these. Consider why Muslims see their prayers as more worthwhile and effective than mere wishes. How might they argue with an atheist's viewpoint on this?