After Mary, Queen of Scots abdicated, the Earl of Moray made himself regent and governed Scotland on behalf of James VI. This divided the Scots into the Marians, those who supported Mary, and the King’s Party, those who supported Moray. Within a year, Mary, who had been imprisoned on an island in Loch Leven Castle, escaped and led her troops at the Battle of Langside. After she was defeated, Mary fled from Scotland.
Students could examine the differing claims of Mary and Moray as ruler of Scotland. Examine Moray’s actions and debate whether they show he was ruling for the infant James or for himself and his allies.