The Nazis and their youth wings placed great importance on the division between the sexes. Boys were raised as political soldiers and girls were taught to be wives and mothers, breeding the next generation. Girls were not encouraged to have ambitions beyond the home. In the girls’ League they were taught cooking, cleaning and childcare. Their clothes and hair were based on very traditional peasant styles. Summer camps were a highlight of the youth wings’ calendar. They brought children of different backgrounds together, introduced city children to the countryside and gave some the first holidays they had ever had. However, their main function was military training.

Students could note down their thoughts on why the Hitler Youth was so important to the Nazis, and how it was so effective. Compare the Hitler Youth with the League of German Maidens. What are their differences and similarities? How do students feel about this gender split?